Chapter 1: The Five Catchwords


Chapter 2: Historical Background


Chapter 3: Nature as an Ideological Device




1.The Principle of Nature in Retrospect

2.Afsâneh: A Romantic Love

3.Father and the Fatherland

4.Letters from a “City of the Dead”

5.A Decline

6.Towards a New Prosody

7.From Romanticism to Realism


Chapter 4: Nature Poetry




1.The Concept of Nature in Retrospect

2.Nimâ's Poetry: A Typology

3.The Poet of the Tâti Language

4.Night Poems

5.Two Types of Birds

6.Nature Poetry


Chapter 5: Further Developments




1.The Discourse of “The People”