In 1979, the fall of monarchy gave rise to theocracy in Iran. In 2023, opposition to the Iranian regime has never been more visible. With the unprecedented length, extent, and backing of the most recent protests, now could very well be the time for radical change in the Islamic republic. However, as the security apparatus continues to back the Iranian state against its disorganised and divided opposition, it is perhaps just as likely that these protests are a repeat of the ineffectual noise the people of Iran have gotten used to. In this debate, we ask: is there hope for reform, or is revolution the only answer?