Iranian opposition leader Mirhossein Mousavi has compared Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to the Shah, the monarch deposed in a 1979 revolution, following the government's crackdown on protests last month.
The unrest began on November 15 after the government of Iran announced petrol price hikes. But the protests quickly turned political, with demonstrators demanding the removal of top leaders.
Khamenei has described the violence as the work of a "very dangerous conspiracy". The Tehran government has blamed "thugs" linked to its opponents in exile and the country's main foreign foes.
Iran has given no official death toll, but Amnesty International has said that at least 161 people have been killed. Tehran has rejected this figure.
Mr Mousavi's comments about Khamenei, the highest authority in Iran, were posted in a statement on the opposition Kaleme website. He made a reference to an infamous 1978 massacre which rallied public support and led to the toppling of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
"The killers of the year 1978 were the representatives of a non-religious regime and the agents and shooters of November 2019 are the representatives of a religious government," he said. "Then the commander in chief was the Shah and today, here, the Supreme Leader with absolute authority."
He called on the government to "pay attention to the repercussions of the Jaleh square killings" of 1978.
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