French President Emmanuel Macron has sought to justify paying homage to Nazi collaborator Philippe Pétain during centenary commemorations marking the end of World War One later this week.
Mr Macron said Marshal Pétain was a "great soldier", even though he had made "disastrous choices" during WW2.
Pétain was praised for the defence of Verdun in 1916, but he was sentenced to death for high treason after WW2.
Some French politicians and Jewish leaders condemned Mr Macron's comments.
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